Slideshow

Historie

The Highland Regiment, is voor zover wij weten, de enige militaire eenheid, die het toestond dat de soldaten hun eigen Regimental Tartan mochten dragen. Het werd opgericht als een opleidingseenheid voor de Schotse Highland Regimenten. Meer hierover vindt u in het onvertaalde artikel verderop op deze pagina.
Een van onze doelstellingen is het ondersteunen van herdenkingen ten behoeve van veteranen. Wij maakten de keuze voor deze naam begin jaren 90. Dit staat ons dus toe om een Regimental Tartan naar eigen keuze te dragen, en daarmee alle Schotse Regimenten te herdenken.
Dus, terwijl u dit leest, bent u waarschijnlijk al tot de conclusie gekomen, dat we dit al meer dan 20 jaar doen. In die tijd kregen we vanzelfsprekend meerdere vragen over onze uniformen. Daarom vonden wij het nodig om achtergrond informatie hierover te geven;

Herdenkingen:

  • Glengarry met Highland Regiment Embleem
  • Battle Dress jasje (Pattern 37)
  • Khaki shirt en das
  • Pattern 37 webbing koppel
  • Kilt (Regimental Tartan naar keuze), zie artikel verderop
  • Bruine “Day sporran”
  • Khaki Hosetops (met Sgian Dubh voor de pipers)
  • Puttees
  • Lage kistjes
Andere optredens:
  • Glengarry met Highland Regiment embleem
  • “Day Dress” military kilt jacket (Pipers plaid en/of Doublet,  keuze voor solo pipers)
  • Wit shirt en zwarte das
  • Zwarte koppel met Highland Regiment gesp
  • Kilt (Regimental Tartan naar keuze), zie artikel verderop
  • Sporrans: Pipers Hair sporran, (naar Regiment) Drummers Bruine “Day sporran”
  • Hose tops naar Regiment (Black Watch, rood/zwart, Cameron, rood/groen, anderen rood/wit (met Sian Dubh voor de pipers)
  • Witte Spats, Gordon’s met zwarte knopen
  • Lage zwarte schoenen  (brogues)
Hieronder is een artikel dat de historie van The Highland Regiment beschrijft tijdens WW2:
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The Highland Regiment.
The Lowland Regiment
As of the 17 January 1942 the above two regiments were raised as Corps of
the Army for the purpose of the Army Act.  Their army seniority being in the
order shown.
The Highland Regiment
1st Battalion raised 15 February 1942 by the redesignation of 70th (Young
Soldiers) (note 1) Battalion, The Black Watch.  The 70th had been formed 19
September 1940, by the amalgamation of Young Soldiers companies which had
been withdrawn from 9th (HD)(note 2) Battalion, The Black Watch, one; 10th
(HD) Battalion, The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment), two; 12th Bn (3), The
Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, one.
Reduced to Nil Strength 30 September 1943.
2nd Battalion raised 15 February 1942 by the redesignation of 70th (Young
Soldiers) Battalion, The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess
Louise’s).  This battalion had been raised 19 September 1940, by the
amalgamation of Young Soldiers companies which had been withdrawn from the
regiment’s 12th Bn (ex-13th Bn), 14th (HD) Bn, one company each; 10th (HD)
Bn, The Royal Scots Fusiliers, one.
Reduced to Nil Strength 1 January 1943.
The Lowland Regt:
1st Battalion raised 15 February 1942 by the redesignation of 70th (Young
Soldiers) Battalion, The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment).  The 70th had
been formed by the withdrawal of the Young Soldier companies (one of each)
of the Royal Scots and Royal Scots Fusiliers from the 70th (Young Soldier)
Battalions of The Black Watch and The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, 14
December 1940.
Reduced to Nil Strength 25 August 1943.
.
Army Order 150/1949 (AO 150/149) disbanded both regiments.
Most infantry regiments of the British Army raised Young Soldier battalions
during WWII, all numbered 70th, and consisting of volunteers between the
ages of 16 and 18.  Their immediate purposes was to take over guards at
vulnerable points, and so release men for the Field Army.  The long term
policy was to train boys for service in the Field Army, with the intention
that they being of a high standard which would result in good quality junior
leaders, for their parent regiments.  These units had limited equipment, and
vehicles.
.
The reason why the formation of the Highland and Lowland Regiments being
regimental politics.  Since there were insufficient recruits to form a 70th
Bn in each of the regiments of Scotland, there was a fair degree of
inter-regimental bickering that the three Young Soldiers battalions shown
above in their original form were siphoning off the best for their parent
regiments, whilst the others were getting the “dross” (this I personally
doubt, as the vast majority of recruits for these were very high
quality)(note 4).
.
At the time of the regiment’s raising, all three each consisted of some
1,500 Young Soldiers, organised into six companies each.  They served in the
south, and south east of England, much of their military efforts being
related to the defence of RAF facilities (airfields etc) until the newly
formed RAF Regiment replaced them.  They frequently acted as enemy during
Field Army exercises, but, for the majority of the time (as with all such)
emphasised their training on the developement of their young men.  Well
disciplined, fit, and highly motivated, on the transferrance to the Field
Army, a very high percentage went to the ‘elite’ units of the army, 1st and
6th Airborne Divisions, the army commando’s, many to OCTU (Officer Cadet
Training Unit) and eventual commission.
.
In May 1942 all Young Soldier battalions were converted into ‘Home Defence
and Young Soldier Battalion’s’, consisting of Headquarters (with mortar,
assault pioneer and carrier platoons), and four rifle companies (each one
bicycle and three rifle platoons, each four sections).  Their enhanced
establishment included full allocation of wireless sets, vehicles and
carriers etc.Whilst early 1943 saw the two regiments go into nil strength, they did not
lose a certain military role.
.
Enemy aliens, such as Austrian’s,
Czechoslovakian’s and Germans (amongst others, including Finn’s) either
serving with British units, or belonging to the various intelligence
organisations, were given an identity relating their service (and home
regiment) being Highland or Lowland Regiment.  Many people of the Jewish
faith who ended up in either 10th Inter-Allied Commando or the Independent
Companies of the two Airborne Divisions, had in their AB64 Pay Books,
entries indicating previous service in the two regiments.
.
In regard to dress, the cap badge (metal) was worn by all ranks normally on
the bonnet.  The ‘adult’ cadre of the two regiments normally wore their
parent regiment insignia and dress, all three had pipe bands, who wore a
mixture of Scottish military regalia (what ever came to hand), the Young
Soldiers were encouraged (at their own expense) to wear (in military
tartans) the kilt and trews.
.
In 1944 the now none existant battalions of these regiments suddenly
discovered a new life, their titles being part of the signals  deception
plan to sow doubt into the German mind as to the real site for the invasion
of europe.Post war the successful concept of the Young Soldiers battalions led to the
formation of the various Junior Leaders regiments and Junior Soldiers
Companies in the British Army.NOTE  :
1.   Young Soldier was always to be written in full, the abbreviation YS
being a Royal Naval abbreviation, Yatch Service.
2.   HD, Home Defence.
3.   Some references state 13th Bn, but, the 13th was absorbed into the 12th
on 28 August 1940.  In entry for 2nd Bn there is a Young Soldiers company
from 13th (HD) Bn, surmising I would say that these two companies of Young
Soldiers were held surplus to the bn’s establishment.
4.   General Sir Andrew (A.F.A.N.) THORNE, late Grenadier Guards, the
popular, energetic and innovative commander of Scottish Command, who had a
tremendous sense of perspective about building high morale, was the driving
force in the creation of the two regiments.  Not just a brilliant staff
officer, he was awarded the DSO on three occassions, the CMG and received
seven MIDs during the Great War.
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